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2015年11月1日学位英语考试真题答案
2016-05-30   发布人:郑州星博教育

2015年11月1日学位英语考试真题答案(完整版)
Part ⅠDialogue completion (10 points)
Dialogue one
Tom: Do you go to college?
Mike: Yes. __1__
Tom: What college do you go to?
Mike: I go to Pasadena City College.
Tom: Do you like it?
Mike: Oh, yes. __2__
Tom: why do you like it?
Mike: Because it has great teachers.
Tom: __3__
Mike: I like all my classmates, too.
Tom: Anything else?
Mike: Yes. __4__
A. It’s not expensive! B. You bet.
C. I think I do. D. what else?
Dialogue Two
Speaker A: I just recently moved into the neighborhood.
Speaker B: __5__ How recently?
Speaker A: Just last week.
Speaker B: What kinds of things have you been doing out there?
Speaker A: __6__
Speaker B: why not?
Speaker A: I don't know what to do.
Speaker B: There're all sort of things to do.
Speaker A: __7__
Speaker B: Shopping, or seeing a movie, or even going to the beach.
Speaker A: That sounds great.
A. I haven't been doing much. B. Really?
C. How are you doing? D. Like what?
Dialogue Three
George: Did you hear about the robbery?
Johnny: No, I didn't hear about it.
George: A man tried to rob the bank next to our building this morning.
Johnny: __8__
George: Yes, he tried to rob the bank at gunpoint.
Johnny: __9__
George: Oh, everyone in the bank is OK.
Johnny: That's good to hear.
George: He did get away, though.
Johnny: That is horrible.
George: __10__
Johnny: I'm sure they'll catch him eventually.
A. Did anyone get hurt?
B. Thank the lucky stars.
C. Are you serious?
D. The cops don't know who the guy is.
Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single bar through the center of the letter.
Passage One
Here's a familiar story. You're sitting at the dinner table with a furry, four-legged friend scratching at your feet. When you look down, those cute eyes are almost impossible to resist.
What is it about a dog's gaze that makes it so charming? A new study by Japanese scientist Miho Nagasawa seems to have found the answer, and it has to do with something called the cuddle(爱抚)chemical.
The cuddle chemical has another, more scientific name: oxytocin. Oxytocin is a substance in the blood that encourages bonding. Levels of oxytocin increase, for example, when a mother feeds her newborn baby. According to Nagasawa's study, the same is true when we look deeply into the eyes of a dog.
The results of this study can tell us a lot about the history of the bond between humans and dogs. It all started somewhere tens of thousands of years ago. Scientists believe that wolves used to follow humans who were hunting large animals. The wolves would eat the food left behind by the humans.
Humans realized that they could use the wolves to help with the hunt, and eventually both species began to work together toward survival.
Over time, the wolves that interacted with the humans began to change. They became more loyal to their human partners. The wolves and humans started to depend on each other and bond with each other. These changes are what caused some of the wolves to turn into what we now know as dogs, a new specie^ evolved to better survive in their environment.
This process depended a great deal on the bond humans formed with them. And according to Nagasawa's study, this bond was formed with the help of oxytocin, the cuddle chemical.
11. What do we know about oxytocin?
A. It regulates blood flow. B. It promotes bonding.
C. It is in the human gene. D. It is good for health.
12. When we look deeply into a dog's eyes, the levels of our oxytocin ____.
A. reduce over time B. go either up or down
C. are on the rise D. remain unchanged
13. At the beginning wolves followed humans to ____.
A. eat the food left by humans B. guard against large animals
C. take humans for food D. hunt large animals together
14. Over time some wolves turned into dogs ____.
A. due to their loyalty B. due to the changing environment
C. for better survival D. for better cooperation
15. What does Nagasawa9s study aim to do?
A. Explore the role of human-wolf partnership.
B. Show the characteristics of the cuddle chemical.
C. Explain the bond between humans and dogs.
D. Understand the evolution of species.
Passage Two
Red Nose Day (RND) is a well-known event in the UK. The aim of the day is to raise money for a charity called Comic Relief which helps people in need in Africa and in the UK.
Comic Relief was started in 1985 by the scriptwriter Richard Curtis. He wrote the famous films 'Four Weddings and a Funeral' and 'Notting Hill'. Richard's idea to start Comic Relief was as a response to the severe famine in Ethiopia* It's called Red "Nose Day as on this day many people buy a plastic red nose to wear! The money made from selling red noses goes to the charity.
Red Nose Day takes place every two years in the spring and is now so well established that many people consider it to be an unofficial. For example, many schools have non-uniform days.
The slogan for the last RND was ‘Do Something Funny for Money' and the money that was collected helped to fund projects in the following areas, treating malaria(疟疾), education, and mental health. The BBC Red Nose Day program raised £74.3 million! Money-raising events take place all over the country and many schools participate. People also donate money by post, in banks, by phone using a credit card and online.
In the evening of Red Nose Day a telethon takes place on the BBC TV channels. It shows on and on a selection of the events of the day, as well as lots of comic sketches and reports of how the money raised will be spent. People also upload videos of local charity events on YouTube and Facebook.
So, if you are ever in the UK on Red Nose Day, now you know why you may find normal people wearing red noses and doing silly things! It's all for a good cause.
16. Red Nose Day is ____.
A. a traditional holiday in the UK
B. a famous event in Britain
C. the helping center for poor people
D. the popular name of a charity
17. What does the passage say about Richard Curtis?
A. He likes, to wear a plastic red nose.
B. He is a well-known film director.
C. He started a charity in the 1980s.
D. He was born in a poor family in Ethiopia.
18. Which of the following is true about Red Nose Day?
A. It has become an official holiday.
B. It takes place every year.
C. It collects money from rich people.
D. It attracts many schools to participate.
19 . What docs a 'telethon'(Para. 5) probably refer to?
A. A television competition.
B. A very long TV program.
C. A money-raising party.
D. A comic sketch party.
20. Which of the following can be the title for this passage?
A. Comic Relief
B. BBC Telethon
C. Red Nose Day
D. Richard Curtis
Passage Three
A group of 30 employees was working in a software company. This was a young and energetic team with keen enthusiasm and desire to learn and grow.
One day the team was called to play a game in a hall. As they entered the hail, they found the hall decorated beautifully with colourful decorative papers and balloons. It was more like a kid’s play area than a corporate meeting hall. Everyone was surprised and gazed at each other. Also, there was a huge box of balloons placed at the centre of the hall.
The team leader asked everyone to pick a balloon from the box an blow it. Then he asked them to write their names on their balloon carefully so that the balloons didn’t blow up.
Those who failed were ruled out of the game. Altogether 25 employees were qualified for the next level. All the balloons were collected and then put into a room.
The team leader asked the 25 employees to go to the room and pick the balloon with their own name on it. All 25 employees reached the room. While they were in a rush to find the respective balloons, they tried not to burst the balloons. It was almost 15 minutes and no one was able to find the balloon carrying his own name.
The team was told that the second level of the game was over.
Now it was the third and final level. The employees were asked to pick any balloon in the room and give it to the person named on the balloon. Within a couple of minutes ail balloons reacted the hands of the respective employee.
The team leader announced: This is called real solutions to the problems.
21. When the employees were called to play a game, they ____.
A. knew what game they were going to play
B. laughed at the idea of adults playing a game
C. had no idea what they were asked to do
D. looked forward to playing a kid’s game
22. At the first level of the game, each employee was asked to ____.
A. blow a balloon and write his name on it
B. put his name on a balloon and blow it
C. pick up a balloon with his name on it
D. write his name on a floating balloon
23. How many employees failed the second level of the game?
A. 30. B. 25. C. 15. D. 5.
24. The key to success at the third level of the game lies in ____.
A. thinking positively
B. helping each other
C. believing in oneself
D. increasing efficiency
25. What does the software company aim to do?
A. Encourage its employees to learn from each other.
B. Train its employees to face all kinds of challenges.
C. Select the employees most suitable for their jobs.
D. Teach its employees the importance of teamwork.
Passage Four
Third culture kid is a term in English that is used to describe children who have grown up in a different culture to that of their parents. There are great things about experiencing such a unique childhood. Third culture kids can also face many challenges.
I was born in England, to English parents. When I was two years old my dad got a new job in Poland. Since then I have lived in four other countries around the world. Although I have a British passport,I sometimes don't feel very English at all!
One of the best things about moving around a lot when 1 was younger experiencing many diverse cultures and countries. I was able to try different foods, learn different languages, experience different traditions and meet people from different backgrounds. I am also lucky to have friends all over the world that 1 keep in regular contact with.
However, it wasn't always easy. It often felt like I had only just settled in to the new school city and culture before my parents told me we were moving again. Leaving my friends behind was damaging as a child. I have lost touch with many people 1 was very close to because one of us moved country. It was also very disorientating to have an English passport, but not feel very English at all. Because 1 had no access to English culture, returning 4home, often felt like visiting a foreign country. Happily, now l feel more at home in England—although the question, “where are you from?” still confuses me!
26. A third culture kid may have a ____.
A. dull experience B. special childhood
C. strong accent D. traditional lifestyle
27. The author doesn't feel very English because he ____.
A. does not have a British passport
B. was not born in England
C. spent more time in other countries
D. has many foreign friends
28. The author experienced different traditions by the following EXCEPT ____.
A. trying foods of other countries
B. moving around a lot
C. doing different jobs
D. making international friends
29. The author found it not always easy to ____.
A. make new friends B. find a new school
C. have new teachers D. adapt to new situations
30.The word "disorientating" (Para. 4) probably means ____.
A. exciting B. confusing C. surprising D. frightening
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (10 points)
Directions: There are 20incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence, Mark your answeron the ANSWER SHEET with a single bar through the center of theletter.
31. I was shocked, ____ believing what was before my eyes.
A. boldly B. wisely C. narrowly D. scarcely
32. After careful investigation we find that one of the statement has ____ to be untrue.
A. turned out B. turned off C. turned up D. turned down
33. The author has made a significant ____ to explain various issues regarding the web and its contents.
A. review B. contact C. attempt D. comment
34. People do not agree with each other as to what is the ____ role of government.
A. quiet B. proper C. grand D. quick
35. Public health data ____ that the number of adults living with disabilities continues to increase.
A. express B. require C. inform D. reveal
36. University applicants who had worked at a job would receive ____ over those who had not.
A. inference B. reference C. conference D. preference
37. We thought they had come to repair the phone, but ____, they were robbers.
A. in reality B. in addition C. in return D. in vain
38. Robots have one advantage over humans-they never ____ lack of sleep or food.
A. benefit from B. suffer from C. stem from D. result from
39. If you work hard, you will be ____; but if you don't, you will be punished.
A. relaxed B. relieved C. reduced D. rewarded
40. Soccer, the most brilliant ____ ever created by man, boasts countless fans worldwide.
A. event B. court C. sport D. match

Part IV Cloze (10 points)
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single bar through the center of the letter.
Goats are being hired to do the work of men in a neighborhood just outside of San Diego. The fires that occurred in Hillborough four years ago __51__ thirty homes. __52__ contractors were rebuilding the homes, nature was regrowing the grasses and bushes. The area is now so overgrown that it again __53__ a major fire risk.
The city council __54__ bids to remove the grasses and bushes. The lowest bid they received was $50,000. And that was if the city provided breakfast and lunch for the work crews for the six weeks __55__ would take to clear the overgrown area. The city countered, __56__ unlimited coffee and a hamburger a day for each crew member. When that offer was __57__ , the city asked for help on its website.
A goat-keeper read about the city's problem while __58__ the web. He offered to do the job for $25,-000. The city council agreed. When told that the city dump was overflowing, the goat-keeper said, "No problem. My goats will eat everything in your dump. Except for the car engines, of course," So, for another $5,000, the city killed two birds __59__ one stone. If all __60__, they will invite the goat-keeper and his "family" back every three years.
51. A. destroyed B. polluted C. fell D. broke
52. A. That B. While C. How D. Which
53. A. takes B. covers C. shows D. poses
54. A. set about B. put up C. asked for D. took in
55. A. they B. it C. as D. that
56. A. putting B. having C. drinking D. offering
57. A. rejected B. accepted C. proposed D. postponed
58. A. surfing B. looking C. scanning D. tracking
59. A. on B. with C. in D. at
60. A. settles down B. comes along C. turns on D. goes well
Part ⅤTranslation (15points)
Direction: Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.
The most traditional definition of a human community was "a group of people larger than a family that interact." A community may include people who have at least one common point of interest. In the past, community members lived relatively close to one another in one geographical location: in the same village, town, or city. Nowadays, however, the word community can mean a national, an international, or even an online group of interacting individuals. Therefore, a "new" definition of community might be "a group of people that recognize that they have something in common."
Part Ⅵ Writing (15 points)
Directions: Youare to write in no less than 100 words on the topic "A good book is a light to thesoul." You could base your composition on the Chinese outline givenbelow:
你最近读过的一本好书是什么?
它的主要内容是……
你从中有何受益?
答案:
1-4: B C D A
5-7: B A D
8-10:  C A D
对话1
汤姆:你上大学了吗?
迈克:恩,当然上了。
汤姆:哪所大学?
迈克:帕萨迪纳市立学院。
汤姆:喜欢吗?
迈克:嗯啊,我觉得应该是喜欢的。
汤姆:为啥喜欢?
迈克:因为老师们很棒啊。
汤姆:还有呢?
迈克:我也很喜欢我所有的同学。
汤姆:还有其他原因吗?
迈克:嗯,学费不贵!
对话3
乔治:你听说抢劫案了么?
约翰尼:没,没听说呢。
乔治:今天早上一个男的试图抢劫我们这栋建筑旁边的银行。
约翰尼:当真吗?
乔治:恩,他试图拿着枪抢银行。
约翰尼:有人受伤了吗?
乔治:呃,银行的人都没事。
约翰尼:那就好。
乔治:然而他设法逃脱了。
约翰尼:太恐怖了。
乔治:警察不知道那个男的是谁。
约翰尼:我相信警察最终会抓到他的。
11-15 B C A C C
16-20 B C D B C
21-25 C A B B D
26-30 B C C D B
31-40 D A C B D D A B D C
31.【解析】boldly:大胆地,冒失地;wisely:明智地,聪明地;narrowly:狭窄地,仔细地;scarcely:几乎不,几乎没有,简直不
题意:我很吃惊,几乎不敢相信眼前的一切。答案选D.
32.【解析】turn out:结果是,证明是;turn off:关掉,关闭;turn up:出现,调高,调大;turn down:拒绝,调低,关小
题意:仔细地调查之后,我们发现其中的一个陈述是不真实的。
这里的turn out与prove用法相似,主动形式表示被动意义。答案选A.
33.【解析】review:审查,评论,回顾;contact:接触,联系;attempt:企图,试图;comment:评论,意见
make an attempt to do sth 试图/企图做某事(并没有成功)
attempt to do sth 与 try to do sth类似,都表示试图做某事,却没有成功。
而manage to do sth 设法(成功地)做某事。
题意:作者对解释有关网络及其内容的各种问题做出重大尝试。答案选C.
34.【解析】quiet:安静的,宁静的;proper:合适的,适当的;grand:宏伟的,豪华的:quick:快的,迅速的
题意:关于什么是政府合适的角色这一问题,人们产生分歧(意见不一致)。答案选B.
35.【解析】express:表达,表露; require:需要,要求;inform:通知,告知;reveal:显示,透露,揭露
题意:公共卫生数据显示残疾的成年人数量在持续增长。答案选D.
36.【解析】inference:推理,推论,推断;reference:参考,参照,涉及,提及;conference:会议,协商会;preference:偏爱,倾向
题意:题意:有工作经验的大学申请人比没有工作经验的受到更多的偏爱。
或者:相比没有工作经验的大学申请人,有经验的申请人会受到偏爱。答案选D.
37.【解析】in reality:实际上,事实上;in addition:另外,此外;in return:作为报答,作为回报;in vain:徒劳地,白费力气地
题意:题意:我以为他们是来修电话的,但事实上他们却是贼。答案选A.
38.【解析】benefit from:得益于,从……中获益;suffer from:忍受,遭受,受……之苦;stem from:起源于,来自;result from:起因于,由……造成
题意:机器人比人类有一个优势——它们从不会受缺乏睡眠或食物的困扰。答案选B.
39.【解析】relaxed:放松的,松懈的;relieved:释然的,感到宽慰的;reduced:减少,减小;rewarded:奖励,犒劳
题意:如果你努力工作,将会受到奖励;但是如果不努力工作,将会受到惩罚。答案选D.
40.【解析】event:事件,大事;court:法庭,球场;sport:运动,体育;match:比赛,竞赛
题意:足球是人类发明的最精彩的体育运动,在世界范围内有无数的球迷。答案选C.
41-50:D C A B A D A B C A
51-60: A B D B B D A A B D
翻译参考译文:
人类社会最为传统的定义是,“比家庭更大的一群相互影响的人。”一个社会可能包含的人,有至少一处共同点。在过去,社会成员相互之间在地理位置层面上居住的相对比较近,住在同一个村庄、镇、或者城市。然而如今,社会这个词意味着国家、国际甚至是网络上一群相互影响的个人群体。因此,社会的“新”定义可以是“认同他们有一些共同点的一群人。”
参考范文:
A good book is a light to the soul
In the last several weeks, I have finished reading a humorous book called Emma which inspired me to rethink my ideas on relationship, friendship as well as kindness.
The main character called Emma Woodhouse, a clever and beautiful lady, is born in a rich family. She is so kindhearted that she cares so much about the happiness and marriage of her friends. She is successful in her so-called matchmaking career until she meets Harriet. Emma is eager to introduce Harriet to a rich gentleman, but it turns out that this gentleman loves Emma instead. What a mess! She cares too much about her friends, but she is so insensitive to her own feelings. Fortunately, she eventually finds that her true love, Mr. Knightly, is just beside her all the time. Knightly loves her with heart and soul, and Harriet also finds her true love.
I learn from the novel that we should be kind to everyone around us and respect the choice of our friends. On the other hand, we should not neglect the kindness and love from the people around us.

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