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2020年成人高考英语押题
2020-10-19   发布人:胡老师18595806807
一、语音知识:共5小题;每题1.5分,共7.5分。在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。
1.()
A July
B hurry
C satisfy
D sky
标准答案:B
2.()
A lesson
B question
C recent
D several
标准答案:C
3.()
A call
B educate
C coat
D society
标准答案:D
4.()
C A cause
B launch
c C fault
D laugh
标准答案:D
5.()
CA thank
C B thin
C sink
C D spring
标准答案:B
二、词汇与语法知识:共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项。
6-Would you help me with these books?
A With pleasure
B Never mind
C It's fine
D Don't worry
标准答案:A
解析:本题考查日常交际用语。句意:-你愿意帮我拿着这些书吗?-非常愿意。with pleasure意为“非常愿意”,表示同意对方的请求。
7 Everyone_
to bring some food to the party on Sunday
A supposes
B will suppose
C is supposed
D will be supposed
标准答案:C
解析:本题考查固定搭配。句意:周日聚会每个人都应该带一些食物。be supposed to do用在句子中,主语是人时,意为“应该做某事,被期望做某事”,用来表示建议、劝告等。
8.My mother was talking to Lisa on the phone
the doorbell rang
A while
B when
C since
D as
标准答案:B
解析:本题考查时间状语从句。句意:门铃响时,妈妈正在和莉萨打电话。
while表示“正当时;然而”,强调两个动作同时进行或者强调对比;when表示“当时”,它和while的区别在于:由when引导的时间状语从句,主句用过去进行时,从句应用一般过去时;如果从句和主句的动作同时发生,两句都用过去进行时的时候,多用while引导。since表示“自从”,一般用于完成时态;as可以表示“因为;尽管”。根据句意可知,应选B.
9-Do you know where David is?I couldn't find him anywhere.
-Well,he
have gone far-his coat is still here.
A won't
B mustn't
C needn't
D couldn't
标准答案:D
解析:本题考查情态动词的用法。句意:
你知道大卫在哪儿吗?我到处都找不到他。
-哦,他不
可能走远,他的外套还在这里。won't have done是将来完成时;mustn't have done无此结构;needn't have done表示“本无必要做”;couldn't have done表示推测,“不可能做过”,为正确答案。
10.The police told_
to stay in their cars.
A anybody
B everybody
C nobody
D somebody
标准答案:B
解析:本题考查代词词义辨析。句意:警察告诉每个人,让他们待在自己的车里,anybody任何人;everybody每个人;nobody没有人;somebody某人。根据句意应选B.
11 Something is wrong_my radio Can you help fix it for me?
A for
B of
C on
D with
标准答案:D
解析:本题考查固定搭配。句意:我的收音机出问题了。你能帮我修理一下吗?be wrong with为固定搭配,意为“出毛病”。
12 Is this
first time you've flown on
British Airways?
A the,/
B the,a
Ca,the
D/,a
标准答案:A
解析:本题考查冠词的用法。句意:这是你第一次乘坐英国航空公司的飞机吗?序数词first,second,third,last 前面均用定冠词the,表示“第一次,第二次;公司名称British Airways(英国航空公司)前面无须冠词,故选A.
13 Please feel
to make any suggestions you have in mind
A happy
B easy
C right
D free
标准答案:D
解析:本题考查固定搭配。句意:您有什么建议尽管提。free意为“自由的”,feel free to为固定搭配,意为“随意,尽管”,故本题选D.happy意为“快乐的”;easy意为“容易的,从容的”;rght意为“正确的”。
14 At the end of the year there
a test on everything we have studied
A was
B will be
C would be
D has been
标准答案:B
解析:本题考查时态。句意:年底将有一个考试,考查我们所学的所有知识。从时间状语“At the end ofthe year和从句“we have studied”可知,主句的时态应该为一般将来时。
15 The film star walked to his carby a crowd of fans
A to follow
B following
C followed
D to be followed
标准答案:C
解析:本题考查非谓语动词。句意:这位电影明星朝他的车走去,后面跟着一群粉丝。分词作状语时其逻辑主语与主句主语应保持一致,如果句子的主语是动词所表示的动作的承受者时(即表被动或完成),分词形式选用过去分词。
16.Clearly,he doesn't have a plan,
he would have said something
A but
B unless
C or
D so
标准答案:C
解析:本题考查连词的用法。句意:很明显他没有自己的计划,否则他早就应该说点什么了。or意为“否则”,符合题意。故选C.but意为“但是”;unless意为“除非”;so意为“所以”。
17 Canada is a nice country and you'll find it easy to
the life there within a couple of months
A fit in with
B put up with
C get along with
D end up with
标准答案:A
解析:本题考查动词短语辨析。句意:加拿大是个不错的国家,你在几个月内就可以轻松适应那里的生活。fit in with意为适应,适合,与一致”:put up with意为“容忍,忍受”;get along with意为与相处得好”;end up with意为以结束
18Mike's health has been
improved since he gave up smoking
A much
B so
C too
D very
标准答案:A
解析:本题考查程度副词。句意:自从戒烟后,迈克的健康有了很大的提高。much可修饰某些肯定陈述句中的动词,这时much位于动词前。
19a small business,Jane is able to support her family now
A Run
B Ran
C Running
D To run
标准答案:C
解析:本题考查非谓语动词。句意:珍妮经营一个小生意,她现在能够养活她的家。分词作状语时其逻辑主语与主句主语应保持一致,如果句子的主语是动作的发出者,分词形式选用现在分词。
20.My grandparents are both in their and they are still living a healthy life
A ninetieth
B nineties
C ninety
D ninety's
标准答案:B
解析:本题考查数词的用法。句意:我的祖父母都已经九十多岁了,现在他们的身体依然很健康。in one's nineties意为“某人九十多岁时”,是固定搭配。故选B.
三、完形填空:共15小题;每题2分,共30分。通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。
Recently,some scientists decided to find out what the funniest joke in the world was This was clearly a(an)_21_task,as no two people ever really agree about what is funny and what is not-_22_when they are from different_23 Telling Jokes is something people often_24_around the world__25_jokes are sometimes not funny to or are often not_26_by people who are not part of that culture(文化)Anyhow._27_a year-long serious study,the scientists_28_the funniest joke in the world:Two hunters(猎人)are out in the woods.One of them_29_to the ground He doesn't seem to be 30_his eyes closed The other hunter takes out his phone and calls emergency(紧急)services."My friend is deadl"he_31_to the man on the other side."What can I do?"The man,in a(an)_32 voice,says,"Dont't worry I can_33_First,make sure he's_34_"There is a silence,then a shot is_35_BanglThe hunter's voice comes back on the line.He says,"OK,now what?"
21( )
A wonderful
B important
C interesting
D difficult
标准答案:D
解析:推理判断题。从后面的“没有两个人真正地赞同什么是搞笑的和什么不是“可知,这是项困难的任务”。
22()
A especially
B finally
C gradually
D generally
标准答案:A
解析:词义辨析题。especially尤其;finally最后;gradually逐步地;generally通常。这里表示强调,因此应选A项。
23.()
A companies
B countries
C families
D schools
标准答案:B
解析:推理判断题。由常识并结合选项可知,来自不同国家的人对事物的看法更有可能不同。
24.()
A ask
B do
C give
D play
标准答案:B
解析:句法结构题。整句的意思是:讲笑话是全世界的人们常做的事情。这是一个定语从句,先行词是something.do something意为“做某事”。
25.()
A Thus
B Therefore
C However
D Anyhow
标准答案:C
解析:连词辨析题。根据上下文的意思可知,后面讲的和前面讲的内容有相反的意思,因此应选用表示转折的连词,故选C.
26()
A guessed
B held
C proved
D understood
标准答案:D
解析:词义辨析题。这里讲的是“不是同一文化背景下的人们对笑话的理解也不同”。guess猜测;hold举行;prove证明;understand理解。
27()
A for
B during
C before
D after
标准答案:D
解析:词义辨析题。这里讲的应该是“在长达一年的认真的研究之后”,故应选D.
28.( )
A wrote
B touched
C decided
D spread
标准答案:C
解析:推理判断题。文章第一句话提到”最近,一些科学家决定找出世界上最可笑的笑话。“这里应该是科学家最终确定了这一笑话。
29()
A jumps
B falls
C points
D gets
标准答案:B
解析:词语搭配题。fall to the ground意为“摔倒在地”,符合文意。
30.( )
A thinking
B speaking
C nising
D breathing
标准答案:D
解析:推理判断题。根据后面的“他闭着双眼“和”另一个猎人赶紧掏出手机拨打紧急救助服务”可知,这里应该是“这个猎人看起来好像没了呼吸”。故选D.
31()
A cries
B nods
C turns
D waves
标准答案:A
解析:词义辨析题。cry to向。
请求;nod to向点头;turn to求助于;wave to朝挥手。
这里应该是指”猎人向通话那头的人大声叫喊”,因此选A
32.()
A anxious
B angry
C calm
D curious
标准答案:C
解析:推理判断题。根据后面的“不要担心
可知,通话那头的人应该是很镇定。
33()
A help
B feel
C go
D show
标准答案:A
解析:词义辨析题。help帮助;feel感觉;go去;show展示。根据前后句的意思可知,应选A,意思为:我能帮助你。
34()
A buried
B dead
C hit
D sick
标准答案:B
解析:推理判断题。前面讲到一个猎人好像没了呼吸,另一个猎人向他人求助。这里的意思应该是“首先确认他已经死了”。
35.( )
A heard
B made
C taken
D told
标准答案:A
解析:枪声应该是被听到的,因此应选A.
四、阅读理解:共15小题;每题3分,共45分。阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。
A
My wife and I moved into our home nine years ago We have a yard and a"rock garden"There the rocks appear to be just thrown up onto the dirt as if someone were in a hurry to finish.Very often when we have more flowers Denise or I would plant them between the rocks just to add some color to the area Last summer I found,in the rock garden,a tiny little plant that I could not immediately recognize.I knew I didn't plant it and Denise said she didn't either We decided to let it continue growing until we could find out what it was Weeks passed and as I made my way back to the strange plant,it appeared to be a sunflower.It looked thin and tall with only one head on it I decided to baby it along and weed(除草)around it As I pulled rocks from the area to get to the weeds,I noticed something unusual The sunflower had not started where I saw it begin It actually had begun under a big rock and grown under and around it to reach
37 The author let the tiny plant continue growing
A to see how long it could live
B to see how big it could grow
C to find out what it actually was
D to know if his wife had planted it
标准答案:C
解析:事实细节题。由文章第二段最后一句话“We decided to let it continue growing until we could find out what it was"可知,C项为正确答案,
38 Why did the author think the sunflower was unusual?()
A lt was very thin and tall
B It had only one head on it
C It grew on top of a big rock
D It began to grow under a rock
标准答案:D
解析:事实细节题。由文章第三段最后一句话“It actually had begun under a big rock and grown under and around it to reach the sun“可知,D项为正确答案。
39 What does the author want to say through the story?
A Rocks cannot prevent us from success
B Sunflowers are able to grow everywhere.
C We should take good care of the rock gardens.
D We can get over difficulties if we trust ourselves
标准答案:D
解析:主旨大意题。由文章最后一段的内容可知,作者认为,我们要相信自己拥有实现我们的目标的能力,这样我们就能找到一种实现目标的方法。这与选项D的内容相符。
B
Most musicians agree that the best violins(小提琴)were made in Cremona,Italy,about 200 years ago They even sound better than violins made today Violin makers and scientists try to make instruments(乐器)like the Italian violins,however,they are not the same Why are these old Italian violins so speciaI?No one really knows But many people think they have an answer Some people think it is the age of the violins But there is a problem here Not all old violins sound wonderful Only the old violins from Cremona are special So age cannot be the answer Other people think the secret to those violins is the wood It must be from certain kinds of trees lt must not be too young or too old Perhaps the violin makers of Cremona knew something special about wood for violins But the kind of wood may not be so important It may be more important to cut the wood in a specialway Wood for a violin must be cut into the right size and shape The smallest difference will change the sound of the violin Mus.
标准答案:D
解析:事实细节题。由文章倒数第二段最后一句话“Since no one knows what the Italian violin makersused in their varnish,no one can make the same varnish today"可知,D项为正确答案。
42 Which of the following words can best describe Cremona violins?()
A Light
B Shining
C Valuable
D Modern
标准答案:C
解析:事实细节题,由文章最一段最后一句话“So these old violins from Cremona become more and more previous."可知,C项为正确答案。
c
Parents might say honesty is the best policy",but when it comes to talking with their own children,mom and dad lie surprisingly often,finds a new study carried out by researchers in the University of Toron to.Canada
Almost every parent in the study admits having come up with some tales to influence a child's actionsand feelings For example,a parent is annoyed by a child's crying and says,"The police will come to get you if you don't stop crying now"In another example,an uncle has just died and the child is told thathe has become a star to watch over the child.
Whether parents lie to benefit themselves or to protect
标准答案:D
解析:事实细节题。由文章第一段可知,最新研究发现,父母在和孩子们说话时经常会说谎,故选D.
44 What do the underlined words"tall tales"in Paragraph 3 mean?()
A Stories mixed with lies.
B Stories based on truth and facts
C Stories too long to be interesting
D Stories beyond children's understanding.
标准答案:A
解析:词义理解题。一般来说,such如果出现在某一名词前,那么该名词往往回指的是上文中的一些情况,所以要想知道“tall tales”之意,要看上文。上文提到了父母跟孩子谈话中涉及谎言的一些例子,而且根据下文中所说的“在孩子们试着了解这个世界的时候,这些故事会给他们传递出一些混杂的信息”都可以推断出,“tall tales“指的就是那些混杂着谎言的故事,故选A.
45 According to the research,how may children be affected by their parents'lie?()
A They may fall behind in school.
B They may lie to their parents too.
C They may get confused about the society.
D They may feel they are being overprotected
标准答案:C
解析:推理判断题。文章第三段提到,在孩子们试着了解这个世界的时候,这些混杂着谎言的故事会给他们传递出一些混杂的信息,由此可以推断出,父母的谎言会影响孩子对社会的理解,故选C.
46 What's Heyman's suggestion for parents?()
A Teach their children about rules
B Guide their children on sound beliefs
C Influence their children in various ways.
D Figure out children's problems in adva
D
What should you do or not do when you are eating in Britain?The British generally pay a lot of attention to good table manners Even young children are expected to eat properly with knives and forks.We eat most of our food with cutlery The foods we don't eat with a knife,fork or spoon include sandwiches and fruit
Things you should do If you cannot eat a certain type of food or have some special needs,tell your host several days befor e the dinner party If you are a guest,it is polite to wait until your host starts eating or invites you to do so It shows consideration Always chew and swallow all the food in your mouth before taking more or taking a drink.
Always say thank you when served something It shows your gratefulness
You may eat things like chicken with your fingers if you are having a picnic with friends or in very informal settings.Otherwise always use a knife and fork.
When eating bread rolls,break off a piece before buttering Eating it whole shows poor taste
On f
48 Which of the following can be considered proper table manners in Britain?()
A Cutting butter into small pieces
B Eating fruits with a knife and fork
C Waiting for the hosts to start first
D Taking a drink while having food
标准答案:C
解析:事实细节题。“Things you should do(你应该做的事情)”下第二条提到,如果你是客人,礼貌的举止是等主人开始吃或请你吃的时候再开动。这显示一种尊重。故选C.
49 When eating bread rolls in formal settings,you are advised to eat them
A with butter
B piece by piece
C with your fingers
D on your side plate
标准答案:D
解析:事实细节题。"Things you should do(你应该做的事情)”下倒数第二、三条提到,吃面包卷涂黄油前掰下一块。整个吃下显得粗俗。而在正式场合,应在涂黄油时,先用切面包的刀把黄油取出一些放在自己的盘子里,并蘸取自己盘子里的黄油以免使黄油盘落满面包屑。综上所述,D为正确答案。
50 The underlined word"cutlery"in the text refers to
A salt
B knife,fork or spoon
C drinks
D butter,cheese or cream
标准答案:B
解析:词义理解题。cutlery出现在第一点注意事项的第二条。本条第二句就是对这个单词的解释:cutlery是knife,fork,spoon的总称,故选B.
五、补全对话:共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分。根据中文提示,把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。
提示:原本擅长化学的Cathy考试时因粗心漏做一页试题。她正闷闷不乐时遇见了Mary.
(Mary=M,Cathy=C)
M:Hi,Cathy,you don't look happy._51_?
C:I didn't do well in the chemistry test
M:Really?I could hardly believe it.Everyone knows you are_52
C:But this time_53_
M:What happened?
C:I missed_54
M:What a pitylSo_55
next timel
C:Yes,I will.
51.
标准答案:What's wrong/the matter
52.
标准答案:very good at it/chemistry
53.
标准答案:I was too careless/I failed/I didn't do well
54.
标准答案:a whole page(of the test)
55.
标准答案:be careful
六。书面表达:满分30分。
假设你是李华,是世界经济论坛(The World Economic Forum)的组织者之一。写信邀请Dr.Huffman参加本次论坛,请他做一小时的演讲并回答问题,希望其尽快回复。
会议地点:北京国家科技园(the National Science Park,Beijing)
会议时间:2020年11月10日至12日
论坛网址:www.worldeconomicforum.com
注意:词数应为100左右
Dear Dr.Huffman,
yours,
Li Hua
标准答案:One possibie version:
Dear Dr Huffman,
I feel it a great honor to invite you as one of the speakers at the World Economic Forum.It will be heId at the National Science Park,Beijing,from April 10th to 12th,2013.You are supposed to speak for an hour and answer questions for twenty minutes I am sure your speech will be very important to the success of the Forum next year If you want to know more about the Forum,you may visit www.worldeconomicforum.com Please let me know as soon as possible whether you can join us in Beijing
yours,
Li Hua
 




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